Easy Learning German

There is/There are - Easy Learning Grammar German

  • There are two main ways of expressing this in German.

1 Es gibt

  • This is always used in the singular form and is followed by a singular or plural object in the accusative case.
Es gibt zu viele Probleme dabei.There are too many problems involved.
Es gibt keinen besseren Wein.There is no better wine.
  • Es gibt is used to refer to things of a general nature.
Es gibt bestimmt Regen.It’s definitely going to rain.
Wenn wir zu spät kommen, gibt es Ärger.If we arrive late, there’ll be trouble.
  • It is often used informally.
Was gibts (=gibt es) zu essen?What is there to eat?
Was gibts?What’s wrong?, What’s up?
Das gibts doch nicht!That’s impossible!

2 Es ist/es sind

  • Here, the es simply introduces the real subject of the sentence, so if the subject is plural, es sind is used. The subject is in the nominative case.
Es sind kaum Leute da.There are hardly any people there.
  • Where the subject and verb swap places in the clause or sentence, the es is dropped.
Da sind kaum Leute.There are hardly any people there.
  • Note that es gibt is frequently used instead of es ist/es sind in the above two examples.
  • Es ist or es sind are used to refer to a temporary situation.
Es war niemand da.There was no-one there.
  • They are also used to begin a story.
Es war einmal eine Königin.Once upon a time there was a Queen …
Key points
  • In German there are two main ways of translating there is/there are: es gibt and es ist/es sind.

Siehe verwandten Inhalt

NEU von Collins!
NEU von Collins!
Englische Wortlisten
Englische Wortlisten
Die letzten Wortvorschläge
Die letzten Wortvorschläge
Einfache englische Grammatik lernen
Einfache englische Grammatik lernen
COBUILD Grammar Patterns
COBUILD Grammar Patterns
Blog der Liebhaber von Wörtern
Blog der Liebhaber von Wörtern
Online Scrabble Checker
Online Scrabble Checker
The Paul Noble Method
The Paul Noble Method
Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content
Register now or login in to access