Grammatik

ADJ to-inf

ADJ to-inf

The adjective is followed by a to-infinitive clause.Adjectives with this pattern are of two types. With some adjectives, the Subject of the main clause is different from the understood Subject of the to-infinitive clause. For example, in His films were beautiful to look at, it is his films that are beautiful, but it is an unnamed person or group who looks at the films. This is Type 1.
 Adjectiveto-infinitive clause
He wasexcellentto work with.
Fish can befiddlyto cook.
With other adjectives, the two Subjects are the same. For example, in He was surprised to receive a telephone call, it is he who is surprised and he who receives the telephone call. This is Type 2.
 Adjectiveto-infinitive clause
We would befoolishto ignore them.
Shelley wasoverjoyedto see me.
Groups 1-5 below are Type 1 adjectives. Groups 6-17 are Type 2 adjectives.Adjectives with this pattern belong to the following meaning groups:
The 'pretty' groupThe 'terrible' and 'wonderful' groupThe 'cheap' and 'expensive' groupThe 'boring' and 'interesting' groupThe 'adequate' groupThe 'astonished' groupThe 'sorry' groupThe 'delighted' groupThe 'unwilling' groupThe 'willing' groupThe 'quick' and 'slow' groupThe 'certain' groupThe 'sure' groupThe 'able' groupThe 'right' groupThe 'lucky' and 'unlucky' groupAdjectives with other meaningsProductive usesOther related patterns

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