Grammatik

Chapter 7 Ergative Verbs

Chapter 7 Ergative VerbsWhat an ergative verb isIntroductionAn ergative verb has the following features:
    it has two patterns
    only one of these patterns has a noun group following the verb
    the person or thing indicated by that noun group may also be indicated by the Subject of the other pattern
For example, the verb break has two patterns, V and V n. Only one of these patterns, V n, has a noun group following the verb. An example of the pattern V n is:
John broke the vase
The noun group following the verb, the vase, may also be the Subject of the verb:
The vase broke
Combination of patterns with ergative verbsWhat the patterns indicate(i) 'Doer' and 'causer' are both animate(ii) 'Doer' is inanimate, 'causer' is inanimate(iii) 'Causer' is inanimate, 'doer' may be animate or inanimate, depending on the verbPatterns with reflexive pronounsErgative verbs and the passiveActual and potential eventsErgative link verbsAbout this chapterPattern combinationsPattern combination 1: V; V nPattern combination 2: V prep/adv; V n prep/advPattern combination 3: V adj; V n adjPattern combination 4: V as adj; V n as adjPattern combination 5: V to-inf; V n to-infPattern combination 6: V ord prep; V n ord prepPattern combination 7: V prep/adv; V n; V n prep/advPattern combination 8: V prep/adv; V nPattern combination 9: V adv; V nPattern combination 10: V adj; V n

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