Easy Learning English

Comparison - Easy Learning Grammar

The comparative form of an adjective is commonly used to compare two people, things, or states, when you want to say that one thing has a larger or smaller amount of a quality than another.
  • If the second part of the comparison is mentioned it follows than.
  • Anna is taller than Mary but Mary is older.
  • Emma is much slimmer than when I last saw her.
  • Online learning is less expensive than conventional college courses.
  • Comparison in which you are considering whether two people or things are equal is shown by using as…as in the affirmative and not as…as or not so…as in the negative.
  • Helen is as tall as Linda, but not as strong.
The superlative form is used for more than two people, things, or states, when one thing has qualities that exceed all the others. Superlative adjectives have the in front of them, but it can be omitted in predicative positions.
  • That is the smallest camera I have ever seen.
  • He gave the least expensive gift to his sister.
  • I’ll have whichever is (the) ripest.
There are two ways in which the comparative and superlative forms of adjectives are formed:
  • You add -er (comparative) or -est (superlative) to the adjective. Adjectives with one syllable usually take these endings.
brightbrighterthe brightest
longlongerthe longest
sharpsharperthe sharpest
  • If the word already ends in -e, the -e must be left off. If a word ends in -y, it usually takes -er or -est, and the -y changes to -i.
wisewiserthe wisest
prettyprettierthe prettiest
wearywearierthe weariest
  • You add the word more or most in front of the adjective. Adjectives with three syllables or more use more or most in front of the adjective.
fortunatemore fortunatethe most fortunate
relevantmore relevantthe most relevant
Adjectives formed from participles use more or most as well.
provokingmore provokingthe most provoking
enthralledmore enthralledthe most enthralled
To indicate the opposite of both the -er/-est and the more/most forms of comparison, less or least is always used.
sharpless sharpthe least sharp
fortunateless fortunatethe least fortunate
interestingless interestingthe least interesting
involvedless involvedthe least involved
Adjectives with two syllables (including those that already end in -er) can follow either pattern or sometimes both patterns. If you are doubtful about a two-syllable adjective, use the more/most pattern.
shallowshallowerthe shallowest
ormore shallowthe most shallow
politepoliterthe politest
ormore politethe most polite
A small group of irregular adjectives have quite different forms for the comparative and superlative forms.
goodbetterthe best
badworsethe worst
farfurtherthe furthest

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