Easy Learning English

Exclamations - Easy Learning Grammar

Exclamations are short utterances that you make when you are very surprised or upset. They are not always whole sentences. Sometimes they are more like a noise than a word. In this case they are called interjections.
Many exclamations consist of just one word.
Exclamations can also consist of:
  • what + noun phrase
  • What a pity!
  • What a lovely day!
  • What rubbish!
  • or how + adjective.
  • How silly!
  • How kind of him!
They may also have the form of a negative question.
  • Isn’t it a warm day!
  • Aren’t they kind!
  • Another form of exclamation is when the hearer repeats part of the sentence that he or she has just heard. This is used when the hearer finds it hard to believe what has been said or is very surprised. This sort of exclamation is called an echo.
  • Richard’s passed the exam. – Richard’s passed! That’s brilliant!
  • Sally’s here. – She’s here! What a relief!

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