Easy Learning English

Numbers - Easy Learning Grammar

There are two common kinds of number:Cardinal numbers are used in all forms of counting that involve a total.
one chairtwo chairs
a hundred peopleten thousand pounds
Ordinal numbers are used to talk about where something is placed in an ordered sequence. They are often used right after the definite article or after a possessive.
  • The first horse in was disqualified.
  • He’s celebrating his fifty-first birthday in August.
  • The company has just celebrated its one hundred and fiftieth anniversary.
Ordinals are mostly formed by adding -th to a cardinal number.
fourth          twentieth          hundredth     
nine hundred and ninety ninth
Some examples of exceptions are the words first, second, and third, and combinations which contain them, such as twenty-first.Cardinal numbers can be used at the beginning of a noun phrase, like determiners.
one chairtwo chairs
a hundred peopleten thousand pounds
or on their own, like pronouns.
  • And then there were three.
  • Four of them came towards us.
  • The other two went to get help.
  • Grammatically speaking, the words next, last, and another can also be regarded as ordinal numbers.
  • It rained on the last day of our holiday.
  • The next horse in was declared the winner.
  • Oh no, not another birthday!
Ordinal numbers and the words next and last are sometimes called postdeterminers, since they come after the word the or a possessive .
  • The next three days are going to be very exciting.
  • The last three years have been difficult for everyone.
  • We have to get off the bus at the next stop.
  • An ordinal, as well as next, last, and another, can be used together with a cardinal number in the same noun phrase.
  • The first three correct entries will win a prize.
  • He scored another three goals before the end of the match.
  • To show that a cardinal number is only approximate, the word, some is often used before it.
  • Some two hundred people gathered in the pouring rain.

See related content

English Dictionary
English Dictionary
NEW from Collins!
NEW from Collins!
English Word Lists
English Word Lists
COBUILD Grammar Patterns
COBUILD Grammar Patterns
Word Lover's Blog
Word Lover's Blog
Online Scrabble Checker
Online Scrabble Checker
The Paul Noble Method
The Paul Noble Method
Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content
Register now or login in to access