Types of main verb - Easy Learning Grammar
Verbs of actionMost verbs describe an action such as walking, running, or reading.
When we need a verb to describe a new activity, we can either invent a new word, or we can adapt other parts of speech.
- John is running for the train.
- Sophie has just bought a new camera.
- She is putting on an exhibition of her photographs.
- Robbie has seen the film already.
- You can use your phone to access the internet.
- Action verbs can be expressed in all the tenses.
Verbs of stateSome verbs are used to talk about states of being or states of mind.These include:
- verbs relating to the senses, e.g. feel, hear, see, smell, taste
- verbs relating to emotions, e.g. adore, fear, hate, like, love, want, wish
- verbs relating to mental activity, e.g. agree, believe, expect, forget, mean
- verbs relating to possession, e.g. belong, own, possess
- I feel unhappy.
- I hate arguments.
- These flowers smell gorgeous.
- Rob wishes he hadn’t agreed to the plan.
- We mean you no harm.
- That car belonged to us once.
- Verbs of state are not usually used in continuous tenses. When they are used in continuous tenses, they change their meaning.
There are some uses of the verb be that allow you to choose between a state or an action meaning. The word used as the complement makes an important difference.
- I’m just feeling to see if the bone is broken.
- We were tasting some interesting New Zealand wines.
- Naomi is expecting a baby.
The verb seem has a limited number of adjectives that can be used as its complement.
|Mark is being silly||but not Mark is being tall.|
|Oscar is being nasty||but not Oscar is being intelligent.|
|Simon seems happy||but not Simon seems tall.|