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Complements - Easy Learning Grammar

Some verbs such as be, become, seem, do not have an object but a complement.The subject complement is a word or phrase that tells us more about the subject.
  • Alan is a nice person.
  • Rajiv is a psychiatric nurse.
  • Alison seems very well balanced.
  • Rosamund is herself again.
  • That’s it!
  • This is for you.
The subject complement is linked to the subject by a verb, and the order is as follows:   subject + verb + subject complementSubject complements may be either noun phrases, pronouns, adjectives, or even prepositional phrases.
  • Most adjectives can be used after a group of verbs that includes: appear, be, become, look, seem, smell, taste, etc. An adjective that is used in this position is called a predicative adjective and it is functioning as a complement.
  • The tickets seemed expensive, but the show was excellent.
  • These little cakes are delicious.
  • Soon afterwards, Patrick became ill.
  • Jackie appeared friendly enough when I first met her.
Less frequently we find an object complement. The object complement tells us more about the direct object. It relates directly to the object and is placed after it.Verbs that can take an object complement with their direct object include make, call, and appoint. The word order is as follows:   subject + verb + direct object + object complement
  • Peter’s phone call made Maureen happy.
  • She called me a fool.
  • They appointed him Director.

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