Easy Learning

Irregular verbs - Easy Learning Grammar

Irregular verbs are verbs that do not form the past simple tense and the past participle by adding -ed to the base form.

The three main groups of irregular verbs

In Group A, the base form, the past simple and the past participle are the same:
1the base formput
2the present simple tenseputs
3the past simple tenseput
4the present participleputting
5the past participleput
A  bet  cut  let  set  spread  
burst  hit  put  shed  thrust  
cast  hurt  shut  split  upset  
In Group B, the past simple and the past participle have the same form:
1the base formbuy
2the present simple tensebuys
3the past simple tensebought
4the present participlebuying
5the past participlebought
B1
base formpast form
bendbent
bindbound
bleedbled
bringbrought
buildbuilt
buybought
catchcaught
findfound
hanghung
havehad
hearheard
keepkept
kneelknelt
laylaid
makemade
saysaid
Some of these verbs have alternative spellings for the past participle:B2The past form may be either a or b.
base formpast forms
burnburntburned
dreamdreamtdreamed
leanleantleaned
learnlearntlearned
smellsmeltsmelled
spellspeltspelled
spillspiltspilled
spoilspoiltspoiled
In Group C, the base form, the past simple, and the past participle all have different forms:
1the base formgo
2the present simple tensegoes
3the past simple tensewent
4the present participlegoing
5the past participlegone
C
base formpast forms
arisearosearisen
awakeawokeawoken
bearboreborne
beginbeganbegun
bitebitbitten
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
flyflewflown
givegavegiven
knowknewknown
rideroderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
sawsawedsawn
seesawseen
shakeshookshaken
showshowedshown
shrinkshrankshrunk
strivestrovestriven
taketooktaken
throwthrewthrown
writewrotewritten

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