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Personal pronouns - Easy Learning Grammar

Personal pronouns are used as the subject, object, or complement in a clause. They are commonly found taking the place of a noun phrase when it is mentioned for a second time.
personsubjectsingular objectsubjectplural object
3rd masculine
3rd feminine
3rd neutral
We use the 1st person pronoun I to take the role of the speaker. The 2nd person pronoun you is used to take the role of the listener. In the case of you, there is only one pronoun to cover the singular and the plural, so that it is sometimes necessary to use a form of words that will make clear who is being addressed.
  • You should be ashamed.
  • All of you should be ashamed.
  • You must all stop writing now.
When more than one personal pronoun is used with a verb, the order is normally: 3rd or 2nd person before 1st person; 2nd person before 3rd person.
  • She and I do not get on very well.
  • You and he should buy the boat between you.
When two pronouns or a personal noun and a personal pronoun are the joint subject of a verb, the subject form of the pronouns must be used. Avoid the common mistake of saying, for example, Jerry and me are
  • Jerry and I are going to paint the house ourselves.
  • He and I are going to paint it.
  • Melanie and I are going shopping.
When either two pronouns or a noun plus a personal pronoun are the joint object of a verb, the object form of the pronoun must be used:
  • They decided to help Jane and me.
The object form of a pronoun is used after a preposition. Avoid the common mistake of saying, for example, between you and I.
  • Between you and me, I don’t like this place.
  • Wasn’t that kind of me?
The object form is usual in everyday spoken usage. In formal and old-fashioned English, the subject form is used:
  • after the verb be.
It’s me.Informal
It is I.Formal/old-fashioned
I saw at once that it was her.Informal
I saw at once that it was she.Formal/old-fashioned
  • after than in comparison with be.
John is smaller than him.Informal
John is smaller than he (is).Formal/old-fashioned
Sylvia is cleverer than me.Informal
Sylvia is cleverer than I (am).Formal/old-fashioned
Otherwise, than + object pronoun is necessary.
  • She’s probably done more than me.
  • The object form is also used to supply short answers to questions.
  • Who found Gran’s watch? – Me. Aren’t I clever!

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