Possession can be shown in two ways:
Showing possession through nouns - Easy Learning Grammar
- The man was mending his car.
- The car was being mended by a man.
- by adding -’s to a singular noun, or an irregular plural noun that does not end in -s.
|one dog||one boy||several children|
|the dog’s bones||the boy’s books||the children’s toys|
- by adding -’ to a plural noun.
|more than one dog||more than one boy|
|the dogs’ bones||the boys’ books|
|the side of the ship||the end of the queue|
|the boy’s pencil||but not the pencil of the boy|
|the driver’s foot||the dog’s nose|
|today’s newspaper||a week’s holiday|
|the leg of the table||the arm of the sofa|
|the wheel of the car||the foot of the bed|
|the world of ideas||the power of thought|
- show possession.
|the boy’s books||the dog’s blanket|
- show a relationship, with a person either as the originator or the user of the thing named.
|her parents’ consent||the student’s letter|
|a women’s club||the children’s park|
- indicate that a place is where someone works or lives.
|a grocer’s||the butcher’s|
|a solicitor’s||my aunt’s|
- show that something is a part of a whole.
|the leg of the table||the dog’s nose|
|the wheel of the car||the girl’s shoulder|
- add a descriptive element which premodifies a noun. It is a type of determiner. See also Determiners.
|writer’s cramp||A Winter’s Tale|
- most singular nouns add an apostrophe + -s.
|a girl’s ring||a cat’s face|
- most plural nouns add an apostrophe after the plural form -s.
|the boys’ football||five young girls’ faces|
- common nouns that end in -s in the singular. When these are made plural the choice of -’s or a simple apostrophe is optional.
|a cactus||the cactus’ spines|
|the cactus’s habitat|
- plural nouns not ending in -s, for example those that that have a plural ending in -en. In this case, add an apostrophe + s.
- proper nouns and common nouns that end in -s. These usually add -’s in the singular unless the final sound of the basic word is [-iz], in which case, a simple apostrophe is sufficient.
|Mrs Evans’s car||Mr Jones’s fence|
|Keats’s poetry||the Bates’s cat|
|I like Dickens’s novels|
|Peter Bridges’ car|
|my mother-in-law||my mother-in-law’s car|
|the runner-up||the runner-up’s trophy|
|the fire-fighters||the fire-fighters’ efforts|
- a stock market analyst’s annual income
- the senior hospital consultant’s weekly visit
- the President of Austria’s official car
- the director of marketing’s personal assistant