With other adjectives, the two Subjects are the same. For example, in He was surprised to receive a telephone call, it is he who is surprised and he who receives the telephone call. This is Type 2.
Groups 1-5 below are Type 1 adjectives. Groups 6-17 are Type 2 adjectives.Adjectives with this pattern belong to the following meaning groups:The 'pretty' groupThe 'terrible' and 'wonderful' groupThe 'cheap' and 'expensive' groupThe 'boring' and 'interesting' groupThe 'adequate' groupThe 'astonished' groupThe 'sorry' groupThe 'delighted' groupThe 'unwilling' groupThe 'willing' groupThe 'quick' and 'slow' groupThe 'certain' groupThe 'sure' groupThe 'able' groupThe 'right' groupThe 'lucky' and 'unlucky' groupAdjectives with other meaningsProductive usesOther related patterns
ADJ to-infThe adjective is followed by a to-infinitive clause.Adjectives with this pattern are of two types. With some adjectives, the Subject of the main clause is different from the understood Subject of the to-infinitive clause. For example, in His films were beautiful to look at, it is his films that are beautiful, but it is an unnamed person or group who looks at the films. This is Type 1.
|He was||excellent||to work with.|
|Fish can be||fiddly||to cook.|
|We would be||foolish||to ignore them.|
|Shelley was||overjoyed||to see me.|