V by amount
Verbs with this pattern belong to the following meaning groups:The 'increase' and 'decrease' groupThe 'win' and 'lose' groupThe 'overrun' groupStructure informationOther related patterns
V by amountThe verb is followed by a prepositional phrase which consists of the preposition by and a noun group indicating an amount.This pattern has one structure:
Verb with AdjunctTheir incomes have dropped by 30 per cent.
|The overall number of jobs||decreased||by||1000.|
|The Reds||were leading||by||two runs.|
|Farm production||went||down||by||4.2 per cent.|