V n wh-to-inf
V n wh-to-infThe verb is followed by a noun group and a to-infinitive clause introduced by a wh-word. The passive pattern is be V-ed wh-to-inf.This pattern has one structure:
Verb with two ObjectsI'll show you how to do it.
|Verb group||noun group||wh-to-infinitive clause|
|He||has instructed||millions of people||how to raise their children.|
|I||'ll show||you||what to watch out for.|
|Verb group||wh-to-infinitive clause|
|She||was shown||how to cleanse her skin.|
|He||was told||what to do.|
Verbs with this pattern are concerned with asking, telling, teaching, or showing someone something. The Subject may be human or inanimate, with the exception of the verbs advise and ask, which always have human Subjects.
advise ask inform instruct remind show teach tell warn
The nurse will advise you how to clear up the infection quickly and easily.
Republicans in Congress were asking themselves how best to use their new-found political capital.
The Health Secretary said the aim was to inform the public how to get the best out of the new arrangements.