Easy Learning French

The present tense: regular -ir (second conjugation) verbs - Easy Learning Grammar French

  • If an infinitive ends in -ir, it means the verb belongs to the second conjugation, for example, finir, choisir, remplir.
  • The stem of -ir verbs in the present tense is formed by taking the infinitive and chopping off -ir.
InfinitiveStem (without -ir)
finir (to finish)fin-
choisir (to choose)chois-
remplir (to fill, to fill in)rempl-
  • Now add the correct ending, depending on whether you are referring to je, tu, il, elle, on, nous, vous, ils or elles.
  • For more information on Pronouns, see Pronouns.
  • Here are the present tense endings for -ir verbs:
PronounEndingAdd to stem, e.g. fin-Meanings
je (j’)-isje finisI finish
I am finishing
tu-istu finisyou finish
you are finishing
-itil finit
elle finit
on finit
he/she/it/one is
nous-issonsnous finissonswe finish
we are finishing
vous-issezvous finissezyou finish
you are finishing
-issentils finissent
elles finissent
they finish
they are finishing
Le cours finit à onze heures.The lesson finishes at eleven o’clock.
Je finis mes devoirs.I’m finishing my homework.
Tipje changes to j’ in front of a word starting with a vowel, most words starting with h, and the French word y.
  • The nous and vous forms of -ir verbs have an extra syllable.
tu fi|nis(two syllables)
vous fi|ni|ssez(three syllables)
Key points
  • Verbs ending in -ir belong to the second conjugation and form their present tense stem by losing the -ir from the infinitive.
  • The present tense endings for -ir verbs are:-is, -is, -it, -issons, -issez, -issent.
  • Remember the extra syllable in the nous and vous forms.

See related content

French Dictionary
French Dictionary
Language Learner's Blog: French
Language Learner's Blog: French
NEW from Collins!
NEW from Collins!
The Paul Noble Method
The Paul Noble Method
Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content
Register now or login in to access