Some other points about adjectives - Easy Learning Grammar German
1 Adjectives describing nationality
- These are not spelt with a capital letter in German except in public or official names.
|Die deutsche Sprache ist schön.||The German language is beautiful.|
|Das französische Volk war entsetzt.||The people of France were horrified.|
|Die Deutsche Bahn hat Erfolg.||The German railways are successful.|
- However, when these adjectives are used as nouns to refer to a language, a capital letter is used.
|Sie sprechen kein Englisch.||They don’t speak English.|
- In German, for expressions like he is English/he is German etc a noun or adjectival noun is used instead of an adjective.
|Er ist Deutscher.||He is German.|
|Sie ist Deutsche.||She is German.|
2 Adjectives taken from place names
- These are formed by adding -er to names of towns. They never change by adding endings to show case.
|Kölner, Frankfurter, Berliner etc||from Cologne, Frankfurt, Berlin etc|
|Der Kölner Dom ist wirklich beeindruckend.||Cologne cathedral is really impressive.|
|Ich möchte ein Frankfurter Würstchen.||I’d like a frankfurter sausage.|
- Adjectives from die Schweiz, meaning Switzerland, and some other regions can also be formed in this way.
|Schweizer Käse mag ich gern.||I really like Swiss cheese.|
- Adjectives like these can be used as nouns denoting the inhabitants of a town, in which case they take the same endings as normal nouns.
|Die Sprache des Kölners heißt Kölsch.||People from Cologne speak Kölsch.|
|Die Entscheidung wurde von den Frankfurtern begrüßt.||People from Frankfurt welcomed the decision.|
- Note that the feminine form of such nouns is formed by adding -in in the singular and -innen in the plural.
|Christine, die Londonerin war, wollte nach Glasgow ziehen.||Christine, who was from London, wanted to move to Glasgow.|
- Adjectives describing nationality are not spelt with a capital letter in German except in public or official names, BUT when they are used as nouns to refer to a language, they do have a capital letter.
- Adjectives taken from place names are formed by adding -er to the name of the town and never change by adding endings to show case.
- They can also be used as nouns denoting the inhabitants of a place.