Grammar Patterns

ADJ after v

ADJ after v

The adjective group comes after a verb group.In some cases, the adjective group gives more information about the person or thing indicated by the Subject. The adjective group may come immediately after the verb group, as in She stood still, or it may follow a noun group or a prepositional phrase, as in Noll had entered the kitchen unnoticed. This is Pattern 1. Pattern 1 has no passive.In other cases, the adjective group follows a verb group and a noun group and gives more information about the person or thing indicated by the noun group. The pattern is v n ADJ. This is Pattern 2. Pattern 2 has a passive in which the adjective group gives more information about the person or thing indicated by the Subject. In both active and passive, there is occasionally an adverb or prepositional phrase before the adjective group.Pattern 1: ADJ after v
 verb group Adjective group
Sallystaredat heropen-mouthed.
Shestood still.
The cancercan grow undetected.
Hebargedinto their homesuninvited.
Nollhad enteredthe kitchenunnoticed.
The robberescaped unpunished.
Pattern 2: Active voice: v n ADJ
 verb groupnoun group Adjective group
I've seenErnie Banks naked.
Theyreleasedhim unharmed.
Heputitdownuntouched.
Passive voice: be v-ed ADJ
 verb group Adjective group
The carwas returned intact.
The lettersare broughtto herunopened.
The horsewas bought unseen.
Adjectives with these patterns belong to the following meaning groups:
The 'unseen' groupThe 'unasked' groupThe 'unharmed' groupThe 'unaided' groupThe 'naked' groupThe 'stock-still' groupThe 'senseless' groupThe 'unused' groupThe 'uninterrupted' groupThe 'left-handed' groupThe 'neat' groupThe 'higher' and 'lower' groupAdjectives with other meaningsProductive usesOther related patterns

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