Grammar Patterns

ADJ by n

Adjectives with other meanings

There are a number of other adjectives that have this pattern. The adjective guilty is found only in the phrase guilty by association.
Her husband would be branded a traitor and she would be guilty by association.
In a more superstitious society, I might have been diagnosed as a child possessed by the devil.
Tina got pregnant by one of Ike's musicians and had a baby boy.
In fact, in some rural areas, such a union was an outrage punishable by death.
The lighting and sound was unmatched by any I have seen this year.
He'd counted on getting away unseen by anybody, but as he came through the last copse before the plain, he saw three men approaching from the south.
  • guilty
  • overrun
  • possessed
  • pregnant
  • punishable
  • unmatched
  • unrelieved
  • unrivalled
  • unseen
  • unsupported
  • There are a number of other adjectives that have the pattern ADJ by amount.
    The account is overdrawn by £100 3 days each month.
    In each case, simple subtraction of the two meter readings gave a result which was wrong by 10,000 units.
  • better
  • divisible
  • overdrawn
  • overspent
  • underpaid
  • wrong
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