Grammar Patterns

ADJ by n

The 'astonished' group

These adjectives indicate that someone reacts in some way to a person, a thing, or a situation. The noun group following the preposition by indicates the person, thing, or situation that causes the reaction.
I stood utterly astonished by what I'd done.
Like their fellow Europeans, the British are exasperated by rising crime.
After the game he said, "I'm absolutely gobsmacked by the referee's decision - it is an insult as far as I'm concerned".
Montagu was extremely impressed by the splendours of the French court.
You find out quickly who your real friends are; others melt away because they feel threatened by the illness.
Analysts are worried by the fact that private investment - the economy's other main driver - is shrinking rapidly.
  • abashed
  • absorbed
  • alarmed
  • amused
  • annoyed
  • appalled
  • astonished
  • astounded
  • awestruck
  • bedazzled
  • bemused
  • concerned
  • confused
  • convinced
  • cowed
  • daunted
  • disappointed
  • disgruntled
  • disgusted
  • disheartened
  • dismayed
  • downcast
  • downhearted
  • dumbstruck
  • exasperated
  • fascinated
  • flabbergasted
  • heartbroken
  • gobsmacked
  • heartened
  • impressed
  • intrigued
  • moved
  • obsessed
  • perturbed
  • pleased
  • preoccupied
  • puzzled
  • smitten
  • spellbound
  • stricken
  • surprised
  • threatened
  • thrilled
  • thunderstruck
  • unabashed
  • unconcerned
  • unconvinced
  • undaunted
  • undeterred
  • undismayed
  • unimpressed
  • unmoved
  • unnerved
  • unperturbed
  • unswayed
  • unworried
  • uplifted
  • upset
  • worried
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