Grammar Patterns

(iii) 'Causer' is inanimate, 'doer' may be animate or inanimate, depending on the verb

(iii) 'Causer' is inanimate, 'doer' may be animate or inanimate, depending on the verb

When the 'causer' is inanimate, it may be either the immediate cause of the action or an indirect cause of the action.
The vase broke.
The impact broke the vase.
Her spirits lifted as if by magic.
The party lifted her spirits as if by magic.

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