Grammar Patterns

V against n

V against n

The verb is followed by a prepositional phrase which consists of against and a noun group. With some verbs, the preposition is sometimes followed by an '-ing' clause. The passive pattern is be V-ed against.This pattern has one structure:
    Verb with prepositional Object
    Thousands of people demonstrated against the tax.
Active voice: V against n/-ing
 Verb groupagainstnoun group/-ing clause
SubjectVerbprepositional Object
Hecampaignedagainstarranged marriages.
You're competingagainstyounger workers.
Theyhave decidedagainstboycotting the referendum.
Their bulletsslammedagainstthe fuselage.
Passive voice: be V-ed against
 Verb groupagainst
SubjectVerbPrepositionAdjunct (optional)
Theyare discriminatedagainstby their employers.
Phrasal verbs: V P against n/-ing
 Verb groupParticleagainstnoun group/ing clause
SubjectVerbprepositional Object
Several countrieshave comeoutagainstholding official celebrations.
Hehas foughtbackagainstthe hardliners.
Helashedoutagainstthe proposal.
Verbs with this pattern belong to the following meaning groups:
The 'compete' groupThe 'campaign' groupThe 'preach' groupThe 'bump' groupThe 'insure' groupThe 'offend' groupVerbs with other meaningsStructure information

See related content

English Dictionary
English Dictionary
NEW from Collins!
NEW from Collins!
English Word Lists
English Word Lists
Easy Learning English Grammar
Easy Learning English Grammar
Word Lover's Blog
Word Lover's Blog
Online Scrabble Checker
Online Scrabble Checker
The Paul Noble Method
The Paul Noble Method
Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content
Register now or login in to access