Grammar Patterns

V n by n

The 'raise' and 'lower' group

These verbs are concerned with:
    raising or lowering a number or value by a particular amount e.g. cut, devalue
    multiplying or dividing a number or amount by another number e.g. multiply, divide
The noun group following the preposition is always an amount, and the pattern is V n by amount.
The Irish government was forced to devalue its pound by 10 percent within the European exchange-rate mechanism.
The bank provides customers with a chart to estimate their year's bills and divide the total by twelve.
The eruption produced so much ash scientists believe it counteracted the greenhouse effect and lowered temperatures by one to two degrees worldwide.
Many resort town employers have raised salaries by 35 to 50 percent in the past year in an effort to attract needed help.
  • cut
  • devalue
  • divide
  • lift
  • lower
  • multiply
  • raise
  • See related content

    English Dictionary
    English Dictionary
    NEW from Collins!
    NEW from Collins!
    English Word Lists
    English Word Lists
    Easy Learning English Grammar
    Easy Learning English Grammar
    Word Lover's Blog
    Word Lover's Blog
    Online Scrabble Checker
    Online Scrabble Checker
    The Paul Noble Method
    The Paul Noble Method
    Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content
    Register now or login in to access