Grammar Patterns

V n wh-to-inf

V n wh-to-inf

The verb is followed by a noun group and a to-infinitive clause introduced by a wh-word. The passive pattern is be V-ed wh-to-inf.This pattern has one structure:
    Verb with two Objects
    I'll show you how to do it.
Active voice: V n wh-to-inf
 Verb groupnoun groupwh-to-infinitive clause
SubjectVerbObjectObject
Hehas instructedmillions of peoplehow to raise their children.
I'll showyouwhat to watch out for.
Passive voice: be V-ed wh-to-inf
 Verb groupwh-to-infinitive clause
SubjectVerbObject
Shewas shownhow to cleanse her skin.
Hewas toldwhat to do.
Verbs with this pattern are concerned with asking, telling, teaching, or showing someone something. The Subject may be human or inanimate, with the exception of the verbs advise and ask, which always have human Subjects.
The nurse will advise you how to clear up the infection quickly and easily.
Republicans in Congress were asking themselves how best to use their new-found political capital.
The Health Secretary said the aim was to inform the public how to get the best out of the new arrangements.
  • advise
  • ask
  • inform
  • instruct
  • remind
  • show
  • teach
  • tell
  • warn
  • Structure information

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