Grammar Patterns

V n wh

V n wh

The verb is followed by a noun group and a finite wh-clause. The passive pattern is be V-ed wh.This pattern has one structure:
    Verb with Object and Clause
    He showed me where I should go.
Active voice: V n wh
 Verb groupnoun groupwh-clause
SubjectVerbObjectClause
One boyaskedanotherwhat was wrong with him.
Years of working in Louisianahave taughthimwhy working people need unions.
Passive voice: be V-ed wh
 Verb groupwh-clause
SubjectVerbClause
The womanis being shownhow the gas cooker works.
Theyhaven't been toldwhat is planned.
Verbs with this pattern are concerned with asking, telling, teaching, or showing someone something. The Subject may be human or inanimate, with the exception of the verbs advise and ask, which always have human Subjects.
About seven years ago she felt she had to ask herself whether she really wanted to spend her life teaching.
Political Economy may instruct us how a nation may become rich; it does not teach us how to get rich as individuals.
Chernobyl mercilessly reminded us what all of us would suffer if a nuclear thunderstorm was unleashed.
The authors wrote to them two weeks ago to warn them what was about to come out in the press.
  • advise
  • ask
  • inform
  • instruct
  • remind
  • show
  • teach
  • tell
  • warn
  • Structure information

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