Grammar Patterns

V under n

V under n

The verb is followed by a prepositional phrase which consists of under and a noun group.This pattern has one structure:
    Verb with prepositional Object
    He is smarting under his recent humiliation.
V under n
 Verb groupundernoun group
SubjectVerbprepositional Object
Franklinchafedunderthis arrangement.
Many campaignershave been labouringunderan illusion.
Most verbs with this pattern indicate that someone is experiencing something troublesome, worrying, or upsetting, or indicate how they are coping with it.
Did your informant say how the cosmonauts were bearing up under this psychological pressure, which must quite considerable?
Mr White resigned two weeks ago amid reports that he was chafing under the company's new ownership.
But last summer's recovery was aborted for one simple reason: consumers were groaning under the weight of cripplingly high interest rates.
  • chafe
  • groan
  • labour
  • smart
  • bear up
  • Verbs with other meaningsStructure information

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