Grammar Patterns

without N

Productive uses

1 A large number of nouns are used with this pattern to indicate that someone or something lacks something, as in people without jobs, a frying pan without a handle, or Thousands of people are without electricity.
2 A large number of nouns are used with this pattern to indicate that something does not happen, as in firing thousands of people without compensation, Staff were left without supervision, or wheat grown without the use of artificial fertilizers.

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