आराम से सीखना

The declarative - आसानी से व्याकरण सीखे

The declarative is used to make statements. A statement is usually the expression of a fact or of an opinion. Statements can be both positive or negative.
  • Kate is not working after all.
  • Tim wasn’t reading your diary.
  • Helen wasn’t talking about you.
  • I’m not going on holiday this year.
Declarative sentences always contain a subject and a following verb phrase.The normal word order for declarative sentences: subject + verb phrase
  • Kate is working.
  • Tim was reading.
  • Helen stared at me in surprise.
subject + verb phrase + direct object
  • Ross is writing a letter.
  • Pam borrowed three library books.
  • Stephen ordered vegetarian lasagne.
subject + verb phrase + adverbial
  • Dominic was eating very slowly.
  • Lyndsey was studying in her room.
  • Mikhail laughed nervously.
subject + verb phrase + direct object + adverbial
  • Dominic was eating his lunch very slowly.
  • Lyndsey had been reading a book in her room.
Certain verbs must have following objects, e.g. see, find, prefer, take.
  • She saw her friend.
  • He found a camera.
  • They took a holiday brochure.
Other verbs need, or can have, both a direct and an indirect object, e.g. give, buy, offer.
  • Laura offered me another biscuit.
  • Scott’s uncle bought him a new bike.
The word order can be either:   subject + verb + indirect object + direct object
  • Kate gave the dog a bone.
  • Stuart bought Marie a birthday present.
or, with the addition of a word that indicates the recipient:   subject + verb + direct object + to/for + indirect object.
  • Kate gave a bone to the dog.
  • Stuart bought a birthday present for Marie.
Another group of verbs must be followed either by an object and an adverbial expression, or an adverbial expression on its own e.g. put, place, stand.
  • Richard placed the computer on the table.
  • Diana put her jeans in the drawer.
  • Michael stood in the middle of the pitch.
A further type of declarative statement has the same basic order of subject and verb as the subject + verb phrase + direct object example on The declarative, but with a complement replacing the direct object. See Complements for more about complements and Parts of speech for more about objects.
  • Elisabeth seems to have been rather worried lately.
  • This dessert is delicious.

संबंधित सामग्री देखें

कोलिन्स से नया!
कोलिन्स से नया!
अंग्रेजी शब्द सूची
अंग्रेजी शब्द सूची
नवीनतम शब्द प्रस्तुतियाँ
नवीनतम शब्द प्रस्तुतियाँ
इजी लर्निंग इंग्लिश ग्रामर
इजी लर्निंग इंग्लिश ग्रामर
COBUILD व्याकरण
COBUILD व्याकरण
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वर्ड लवर का ब्लॉग
ऑनलाइन स्क्रैबल चेकर
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The Paul Noble Method
The Paul Noble Method
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