ग्रामर

Modals

Modals

There are eleven modal verbs in English. They are used to add meaning to a main verb, for example to indicate how certain or possible something is, or how frequently something happens, or whether a course of action is recommended or allowed.
    can
    could
    dare
    may
    might
    must
    need
    shall
    should
    will
    would
Unlike ordinary verbs and auxiliary verbs, modal verbs do not change their form depending on the Subject. For example, you say I must and He must.Unlike ordinary verbs and auxiliary verbs, modal verbs do not change their form to indicate tense, although could, should, and would are sometimes considered to be the past equivalents of can, shall, and will. The pattern MODAL have -ed is sometimes used to talk about something in the past, as in She must have seen him.Modal verbs are made negative by putting not after them, as in She might not be happy, or You should not go. In spoken and in informal written English, not is often contracted to n't and is added to the modal: You shouldn't go. The negative form of can is cannot. In spoken and informal written English this is often contracted to can't. Shall not is often contracted to shan't and will not to won't.The interrogative of verb groups formed with modal verbs is made by placing the Subject after the modal verb, as in Might she be unhappy? or Should you not go?. If the n't form of the negative is used, the Subject comes after that: Shouldn't you go?The modal verbs dare and need also occur as main verbs. In He doesn't dare climb the tree, dare is a main verb, but in He dare not climb the tree, dare is a modal verb.There are two patterns associated with modal verbs:
    MODAL inf
    She must be mad.
    MODAL have -ed
    She must have missed the bus.
MODAL infMODAL have -edOther related patternsMODALcl MODAL n

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