Most phrasal verbs have the patterns V n P and V P n (not pron). That is, the noun group comes either between the verb and the particle or after the particle. If the noun group comes after the particle, it cannot be a personal pronoun. You say He filled it up or He filled up the barrel but you do not say He filled up it.However, some phrasal verbs have the pattern V P n only. That is, the noun group comes after the particle and it is sometimes a personal pronoun. You say He went without his lunch or He went without it but you do not say He went it without.The two kinds of phrasal verbs are shown separately in the lists below.Verbs with this structure cover a very wide range of meanings. There are also many types of relationship between the verb and the noun group. The meaning groups in this section are grouped into larger groups, each showing one kind of relationship between the verb and the noun group:
Structure II: Verb with Object
|Verb group||noun group|
|A number of insurgent groups||have formed||an alliance.|
|Uniformed police on motor cycles||headed||the procession.|
|She||had been freed||on humanitarian grounds.|
|This venue||is directly funded||by the City Council.|
|Verb group||noun group||Particle|
|Verb group||Particle||noun group|
|We||must close||up||the house.|
|Verb group||Particle||Particle||noun group|
|Albert||is coming||up||to||his 30th birthday.|
|The food||lives||up||to||the restaurant's reputation.|
|The photos||must have been blown||up.|
|Thousands of operations||are carried||out||each year.|
II.1 The 'kill', 'eat', and 'fix' groups: concrete actions which change or affect the thing indicated by the noun group.The soldiers destroyed the building.
II.2 The 'bring', 'buy', and 'operate' groups: concrete or abstract actions which involve moving something, physically or metaphorically.He sold his books.
II.3 The 'cover', 'follow', and 'record' groups: concrete actions which do not change, move, or affect the thing indicated by the noun group.They recorded the bird's song.
II.4 The 'build' group: concrete actions which create the thing indicated by the noun group.They built a large tower.
II.5 The 'change', 'concern', and 'arrange' groups: abstract actions which change or affect the thing indicated by the noun group.They increased the price.
II.6 The 'watch', 'break a record', and 'approve' groups: abstract actions which do not affect the thing indicated by the noun group.She watched her favourite television programme.
II.7 The 'form' group: abstract actions which create the thing indicated by the noun group.She established a hostel for battered wives.
II.8 The 'start' and 'stop' group: starting, finishing, or doing an action in a particular way.They abandoned the climb.
II.9 The 'do' and 'take', 'turn a corner', and 'open your eyes' groups: concrete and abstract actions expressed by the verb and the noun group together.I had a bath.
II.10 The 'face', 'take three days', and 'next week sees' groups: relations of place and time expressed by the verb and the noun group together.The meeting lasted an hour.
II.11 The 'top', 'develop', and 'include' groups: qualities or roles of the Subject expressed by the verb and the noun group together.The child developed several bad habits.
II.12 The 'show', 'allow', and 'identify' groups: logical relations between Subject and Object.The experiments confirm our theory.
II.13 The 'hear', 'interest', and 'give an impression' groups: thoughts, feelings and perceptions.They heard a loud cry.
II.14 The 'say', 'describe', and 'call' groups: acts of communication.I asked three questions.