Grammatica

Pattern combination 7: V prep/adv; V n; V n prep/adv

Pattern combination 7: V prep/adv; V n; V n prep/adv

In the pattern V prep/adv, the verb is followed by a prepositional phrase or adverb group. In the pattern V n, the verb is followed by a noun group. In the pattern V n prep/adv, the verb is followed by a noun group and a prepositional phrase or adverb group. This combination is asymmetrical because in the structure without an Object, the verb must be followed by a prepositional phrase or adverb group, whereas in the structure with an Object the verb may be followed by a noun group alone.This combination of patterns has one combination of structures:
    Verb with Adjunct; Verb with Object; Verb with Object and Adjunct The boat rocked up and down.
    Huge waves rocked the boat.The waves rocked the boat up and down.
For structure tables, see Pattern combinations 1 and 2 above.
Verbs with this combination of patterns are concerned with something moving, or someone or something making something move.
A court in Beijing has sentenced a hijacker to eight years in prison for forcing a plane to divert to Japan last December.
Here, a powerful upstream state is determinedly diverting the flow of the river and the affected states downstream can do nothing about it.
Planners fight gridlock by simplifying traffic patterns as well as by trying to divert cars away from the problem area.
The light reflected off the ochre stone, creating a golden glow he found entrancing.
The curved surface of the mirror reflects the sun's rays so they form a spot of light one centimetre across.
The dish reflects radio waves to an antenna suspended at its focus 150 metres above.
In the case of spout, the Subject in the patterns V n and V n prep/adv indicates a container holding a liquid or gas.
An underground labyrinth of corridors leads to a pool where water spouts from the mouths of carved lions.
He replaced the Rayburn when the last one began to spout flames.
Ickes jotted down the license plate numbers of cars spouting black smoke from their exhaust pipes.
In the case of angle, the pattern V prep/adv indicates the configuration of something, rather than a movement.
The path angled downhill and northward.
Charles reached out for the driving mirror and angled it so that he could see back along the track we'd driven.
The lock is the smallest on the river but, by angling the boat across the width, we just scraped through.
  • angle
  • brush
  • divert
  • drain
  • fasten
  • flash
  • jerk
  • pan
  • reflect
  • rock
  • spill
  • spout
  • swing
  • swivel
  • trail
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