Grammatica

V n

Other related patterns

be V-ed by nThe passive of V n is always be V-ed, and the person or thing responsible for the action can always be indicated by by n. However, some verbs, when they are passive, are always followed by a prepositional phrase beginning with by. The pattern is be V-ed by n. The list below shows all verbs with this pattern, not just those among the most frequent 400 verbs.
  • afflict
  • back
  • barrage
  • beset
  • bind
  • bombard
  • bound
  • buoy
  • characterize
  • chasten
  • choke
  • colonize
  • confront
  • debilitate
  • deluge
  • edit
  • embody
  • encourage
  • encumber
  • enrage
  • epitomize
  • evidence
  • father
  • flank
  • follow
  • frame
  • girdle
  • govern
  • grace
  • greet
  • grieve
  • herald
  • infect
  • inform
  • inspire
  • introduce
  • leaven
  • maul
  • partner
  • people
  • plague
  • poison
  • precede
  • be prefixed
  • punctuate
  • rack
  • reclaim
  • replace
  • screen
  • shackle
  • staff
  • strike
  • tear
  • top
  • undo
  • weigh down
  • get V-ed

    The passive voice is sometimes formed with get instead of be. Most of the verbs with the passive pattern get V-ed also have the passive be V-ed. The list below shows the verbs most frequently used with the pattern get V-ed and the phrasal verbs most frequently used with the pattern get V-ed P.
    Many of the verbs that often have a passive with get indicate that something unpleasant is happening, such as attack, criticize, hit, injure, penalize, rape, and wound.
    If you use more than the minutes agreed in your inclusive allowance, you get penalized with high call charges.
    And sometimes, of course, innocent bystanders get wounded.
    Other verbs are used in the passive with get to emphasize that someone else, not the person indicated by the Subject, does the action and is responsible for it, even if the person indicated by the Subject wishes the action to be done.
    I applied for college and got accepted but I can't go now because it would cost too much to put Christopher in nursery.
    They're wise enough to know they have to play by the rules to get noticed.
    Anyone that has any concerns, we do advise that they get tested.
  • accept
  • activate
  • add
  • admit
  • advertise
  • affect
  • approach
  • arrest
  • ask
  • attack
  • ban
  • bash
  • beat
  • bend
  • bite
  • blame
  • block
  • book
  • break
  • burgle
  • burn
  • bust
  • call
  • cancel
  • cane
  • catch
  • change
  • cheat
  • choose
  • clamp
  • clean
  • clobber
  • clog
  • complete
  • criticize
  • crush
  • cut
  • damage
  • destroy
  • distort
  • divorce
  • do
  • draft
  • drench
  • drop
  • eat
  • educate
  • elect
  • establish
  • feed
  • fine
  • fire
  • fix
  • freak
  • fund
  • hammer
  • hassle
  • haul
  • hear
  • hire
  • hit
  • hurt
  • ignore
  • infect
  • injure
  • interview
  • kick
  • kidnap
  • kill
  • lay
  • lynch
  • make
  • marry
  • mention
  • move
  • mug
  • murder
  • nab
  • nail
  • neglect
  • nick
  • nominate
  • notice
  • overheat
  • overlook
  • pay
  • penalize
  • play
  • poison
  • print
  • promote
  • prosecute
  • publish
  • punch
  • punish
  • push
  • rape
  • rehabilitate
  • reject
  • release
  • relegate
  • report
  • rescue
  • review
  • reward
  • rob
  • sack
  • scratch
  • screw
  • select
  • sentence
  • separate
  • serve
  • shell
  • shoot
  • sign
  • smack
  • smash
  • solve
  • spend
  • sponsor
  • stab
  • steal
  • sting
  • stop
  • strand
  • sue
  • suspend
  • tangle
  • tax
  • tease
  • test
  • thump
  • trap
  • vaccinate
  • wash
  • waylay
  • weigh
  • wound
  • write
  • beat up
  • block in
  • blow up
  • break down
  • get/be caught up
  • clog up
  • cut off
  • find out
  • fob off
  • kick out
  • knock around/about
  • knock down/over
  • knock up
  • lay off
  • leave behind
  • lock up
  • mess up
  • pick on
  • pick up
  • psych up
  • rip off
  • run over
  • slag off
  • sort out
  • steam up
  • take in
  • take over
  • tangle up
  • tell off
  • throw out
  • trip up
  • turn on
  • turn down
  • wipe out
  • V colour

    See section 6.

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