Adverbs of place - Easy Learning Grammar German
- Adverbs of place are words such as where?, there, up, nowhere. German adverbs of place behave very differently from their English counterparts in the following ways:
- Where there is no movement involved and the adverb is simply referring to a location, you use the form of the adverb you find in the dictionary.
|Wo ist sie?||Where is she?|
|Sie sind nicht da.||They’re not there.|
|Hier darf man nicht parken.||You can’t park here.|
- To show some movement AWAY from the person speaking, you use the adverb hin.
|Oliver und Andrea geben heute eine Party. Gehen wir hin?||Oliver and Andrea are having a party today. Shall we go?|
- In German, hin is often added to another adverb to create what are called compound adverbs, which show there is some movement involved. In English, we would just use adverbs in this case.
|irgendwohin||(to) somewhere or other|
|Wohin fährst du?||Where are you going?|
|Sie liefen überallhin.||They ran everywhere.|
- To show some movement TOWARDS the person speaking, you use the adverb her. As with hin, this is often added to another adverb.
|irgendwoher||from somewhere or other|
|überallher||from all over|
|Woher kommst du?||Where do you come from?|
|Woher hast du das?||Where did you get that from?|
|Das habe ich irgendwoher gekriegt.||I got that from somewhere or other.|
- Many German adverbs are simply adjectives used as adverbs, but they are not declined, unlike adjectives.
- In German, some adverbs are formed by adding -weise or -sweise to a noun.
- Compound adverbs formed by adding hin or her are often used to show movement away from or towards the person speaking (or writing).