Easy Learning German

Use of “es” as an anticipatory object - Easy Learning Grammar German

  • The object of many verbs can be a clause beginning with dass (meaning that) or an infinitive with zu.
Er wusste, dass wir pünktlich kommen würden.He knew that we would come on time.
Sie fing an zu lachen.She began to laugh.
  • With some verbs, es is often used as the object to anticipate this clause or infinitive phrase.
Er hatte es abgelehnt, mitzukommen.He refused to come.
  • When the dass clause or infinitive phrase begins the sentence, es is not used in the main clause. Instead, it can be replaced by the pronoun das (meaning that).
Dass es Karla war, das haben wir ihr verschwiegen.We hid from her the fact that it was Karla.
  • Note that dass is a subordinating conjunction and das is a demonstrative pronoun.
  • The following common verbs usually have the es object:
es ablehnen, zu …to refuse to
es aushalten, zu tun/dass …to stand doing/that
Ich halte es nicht mehr aus, bei ihnen zu arbeiten.I can’t stand working for them any longer.
es ertragen, zu tun/dass …to bear doing/that
Ich ertrage es nicht, dass sie mir widerspricht.I can’t bear her contradicting me.
es leicht haben, zu …to find it easy to
Sie hatte es nicht leicht, sie zu überreden.She didn’t have an easy job persuading them.
es nötig haben, zu …to need to
Ich habe es nicht nötig, mit dir darüber zu reden.I don’t have to talk to you about it.
es satt haben, zu …to have had enough of (doing)
Ich habe es satt, englische Verben zu lernen.I’ve had enough of learning English verbs.
es verstehen, zu …to know how to
Sie versteht es, Autos zu reparieren.She knows about repairing cars.
  • The following common verbs often have the es object.
es jemandem anhören/ansehen, dass …to tell by listening to/looking at someone that
Man hörte es ihm an, dass er kein Deutscher war.You could tell by listening to him that he wasn’t German.
es bereuen, zu tun/dass …to regret having done/that
Ich bereue es nicht, dass ich gekommen bin.I don’t regret coming.
es jemandem verbieten, zu …to forbid someone to
Ihre Mutter hat es ihr verboten, dort hinzugehen.Her mother forbade her to go there.
es wagen zu …to dare to
Er wagte es nicht, ein neues Auto zu kaufen.He didn’t dare buy a new car.
Key points
  • The object of many verbs can be a clause beginning with dass (meaning that) or an infinitive with zu.
  • With some verbs, es is used as the object to anticipate this clause or infinitive phrase.
  • When the dass clause or infinitive phrase begins the sentence, es is not used in the main clause. Instead, it can be replaced by the pronoun das (meaning that).

Vedi contenuto correlato

NUOVO da Collins!
NUOVO da Collins!
Elenchi di parole inglesi
Elenchi di parole inglesi
Ultime parole inviate
Ultime parole inviate
Facile apprendimento della grammatica inglese
Facile apprendimento della grammatica inglese
COBUILD Grammar Patterns
COBUILD Grammar Patterns
Blog di amanti delle parole
Blog di amanti delle parole
Scrabble Checker online
Scrabble Checker online
The Paul Noble Method
The Paul Noble Method
Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content
Register now or login in to access