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Indefinite pronouns - Easy Learning Grammar Italian

What is an indefinite pronoun?
An indefinite pronoun is a word like everything, nobody and something which is used to refer to people or things in a non-specific way.
  • Some Italian indefinite pronouns always keep the same form:
  • chiunque anyone
Attacca discorso con chiunque.She’ll talk to anyone.
  • niente nothing
Cosa c’è? – Niente.What’s wrong? – Nothing.
  • Note that niente and nulla mean exactly the same, but niente is used more often.
  • nulla nothing
Che cos’hai comprato? – Nulla.What did you buy? – Nothing.
  • qualcosa something, anything
Ho qualcosa da dirti.I’ve got something to tell you.
Ha bisogno di qualcosa?Do you need anything?
Voglio qualcos’altro.I want something else.
  • For more information on Negatives, see Negatives.
  • Other indefinite pronouns are masculine singular words, with a feminine form ending in –a:
  • ciascuno, ciascuna each
Ne avevamo uno per ciascuno.We had one each.
Le torte costano dieci euro ciascuna.The cakes cost ten euros each.
  • nessuno, nessuna nobody, anybody; none
Non è venuto nessuno.Nobody came.
Hai visto nessuno?Did you see anybody?
Nessuna delle ragazze è venuta.None of the girls came.
  • ognuno, ognuna each
ognuno di voieach of you
  • qualcuno, qualcuna somebody; one
Ha telefonato qualcuno.Somebody phoned.
Chiedilo a qualcun altro.Ask somebody else.
Conosci qualcuna delle ragazze?Do you know any of the girls?
  • uno, una somebody
Ho incontrato uno che ti conosce.I met somebody who knows you.
C’è una che ti cerca.There’s somebody (meaning a woman)
looking for you.
  • alcuni and alcune (meaning some) are always used in the plural.
Ci sono posti liberi? – Sì, alcuni.Are there any empty seats? – Yes, some.
Ci sono ancora delle fragole? –Are there any strawberries left?
Sì, alcune.– Yes, some.
  • The following pronouns can be singular or plural, masculine or feminine:
  • altro, altra, altri, altre the other one; another one; other people
L’altro è meno caro.The other one is cheaper.
Preferisco l’altra.I prefer the other one.
Non m’interessa quello che dicono gli altri.I don’t care what other people say.
Le altre sono partite.The others have gone.
Prendine un altro.Take another one.
  • Note that altro can also mean anything else.
Vuole altro?Do you want anything else?
  • molto, molta, molti, molte a lot, lots
Ne ha molto. He’s got lots.
molti di noia lot of us
  • parecchio, parecchia, parecchi, parecchie quite a lot
C’è ancora del pane? – Is there any bread left? –
Sì, parecchio.Yes, quite a lot.
Avete avuto problemi? – Sì, parecchi.Did you have problems? – Yes, a lot.
  • poco, poca, pochi, poche not much, not many
C’è pane? – Poco.Is there any bread? – Not much.
Ci sono turisti? – Pochi.Are there any tourists? – Not many.
  • tanto, tanta, tanti, tante lots, so much, so many
Hai mangiato? – Sì, tanto!Have you eaten? – Yes, lots!
Sono tanti! There are so many of them!
  • troppo, troppa, troppi, troppe too much, too many
Quanto hai speso? – Troppo!How much have you spent? –
Too much!
Ci sono errori? – Sì, troppi.Are there any mistakes? –
Yes, too many.
  • tutti, tutte everybody, all
Vengono tutti.Everybody is coming.
Sono arrivate tutte.They’ve all arrived (they’re all women).
  • Note that in English you can say Everybody is coming; They’re all coming, or All of them are coming. All three sentences are translated into Italian in the same way, using tutti and a plural verb. tutti cannot be followed by di, so don’t try to translate all of them – translate they all.
  • tutto everything, all
Va tutto bene?Is everything okay?
L’ho finito tutto. I’ve finished it all.
Key points
  • Some indefinite pronouns always have the same form.
  • Other indefinite pronouns can be masculine or feminine, singular or plural.

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