Easy Learning French

Possessive pronouns - Easy Learning Grammar French

What is a possessive pronoun?
A possessive pronoun is one of the words mine, yours, hers, his, ours or theirs, which are used instead of a noun to show that one person or thing belongs to another, for example, Ask Carole if this pen is hers.
  • Here are the French possessive pronouns:
Masculine singularFeminine singularMasculine pluralFeminine pluralMeaning
le mienla mienneles miensles miennesmine
le tienla tienneles tiensles tiennesyours
le sienla sienneles siensles sienneshis
hers
le nôtrela nôtreles nôtresles nôtresours
le vôtrela vôtreles vôtresles vôtresyours
le leurla leurles leursles leurstheirs
Ces CD-là, ce sont les miens.Those CDs are mine.
Heureusement que tu as tes clés. J’ai oublié les miennes.It’s lucky you’ve got your keys. I forgot mine.
TipIn French, possessive pronouns agree with what they describe, NOT with the person who owns that thing. For example, le sien can mean his or hers, but can only be used to replace a masculine singular noun.
‘C’est le vélo de Paul?’ – ‘Oui, c’est le sien.’‘Is that Paul’s bike?’ – ‘Yes, it’s his.’
‘C’est le vélo d’Isabelle?’ – ‘Oui, c’est le sien.’‘Is that Isabelle’s bike?’ – ‘Yes, it’s hers.’
Grammar Extra!Remember that à with the definite article le becomes au, and à with les becomes aux, so:
à + le mien au mien
à + les miens aux miens
à + les miennes aux miennes
 
Tu préfères ce manteau au mien?Do you prefer this coat to mine?
Remember that de with the definite article le becomes du, and de with les becomes des, so:
de + le mien du mien
de + les miens des miens
de + les miennes des miennes
 
J’ai oublié mes clés. J’ai besoin des tiennes.I’ve forgotten my keys. I need yours.
  • For more information on Articles, see Articles.
Key points
  • The French possessive pronouns are le mien, le tien, le sien for singular subject pronouns, and le nôtre, le vôtre and le leur for plural subject pronouns. Their forms change in the feminine and the plural.
  • In French, the pronoun you choose has to agree with the noun it replaces, and not with the person who owns that thing.

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