A clause is a group of words which contains a verb. The verb in a clause can be finite
Sentences and clauses - Easy Learning Grammar
- Use this pan for the pasta.
- He missed the turnoff.
- To cook pasta, always use a large pan.
- Dreaming about Jenny, he missed the turnoff.
Simple sentencesSimple sentences consist of one clause, in which the verb is finite.
- Ann went to the bank.
- She withdrew £100.
Complex sentencesComplex sentences are those that contain a subordinate clause as well as a main clause.
- When he arrives, I’ll phone you.
- He stayed at home because he felt ill.
- The position that a subordinate clause is placed in is determined largely by what is felt to be the main message of a sentence.
- Since you seem to have made up your mind, I’ll say no more.
- I stopped seeing her because she moved to Liverpool.
Compound sentencesA compound sentence is one that consists of two main clauses, joined by a word such as and, but, or or, called a coordinating conjunction. Each clause is of equal importance and gives information of equal value. The order of the clauses can be very important for the meaning. For example, the timing of an action can be described by the order in which the clauses follow each other.
- He picked it up and ran over to her.
- He ran over to her and picked it up.
- I drove to Coatbridge and went on to Stirling.
Compound-complex sentencesThese have more than one main clause and at least one subordinate clause.
- Angie came over and we decided to use my car because hers was playing up.
- He ran over to Julie, who was sitting at the end of the bench, and grabbed her handbag.