Nouns with other meanings
There are a number of other nouns which have this pattern. All these nouns except instinct and proxy are count nouns.
by association by Caesarean by committee by instinct by jury by name by proxy
Some were judged guilty by association - being friends, relatives or flatmates of those who were involved.
The two men, from south London, deny charges of gross indecency and are taking the case to crown court so they can be tried by jury.
He never mentions her by name.
If you decide to vote by proxy you must find someone suitable to vote at your polling station on your behalf.