Gramática

V n prep/adv, V n adv/prep

V n prep/adv, V n adv/prep

The verb is followed by a noun group and a prepositional phrase or adverb group, or by an adverb group and a noun group. The passive pattern is be V-ed prep/adv. In some cases, the noun group after the verb is more often followed by a prepositional phrase than an adverb V n prep/adv and in other cases, the first noun group is more often followed by an adverb than a prepositional phrase V n adv/prep.The verbs described in this section are used with both adverbs and prepositional phrases, or with a range of prepositions.In some cases, the noun group after the verb is more often followed by a prepositional phrase than an adverb (V n prep/adv) and in other cases, the noun group is more often followed by an adverb than a prepositional phrase (V n adv/prep).Here we treat all verbs with this pattern as having one structure:
    Verb with Object and Adjunct
    They fixed the shelf to the wall.
Some verbs with some prepositions have other structures, however. For example, some prepositional phrases beginning with to are prepositional Objects and some prepositional phrases beginning with as are prepositional Object Complements.In English, most verbs with noun groups can be followed by Adjuncts of manner, time, or place. When information about manner, time, or place is not essential, the Adjunct is not part of the pattern. The verbs dealt with below are those which are always or typically followed by an Adjunct.Active voice: V n prep/adv, V adv n
 Verb groupnoun groupprepositional phrase/adverb group
SubjectVerbObjectAdjunct
Andrewchainedthe boatto the bridge.
Ican't pictureyouin a skirt.
 Stirthe figsin.
Youswirlthe liquidaround your glass.
 Verb groupadverb groupnoun group
SubjectVerbAdjunctObject
Shebangeddownthe cup.
Theyemailedbacka long list.
The manspatouthis chewing gum.
Passive voice: be V-ed prep/adv
 Verb groupprepositional phrase/adverb group
SubjectVerbAdjunct
The designis printedon linen.
Animalsare rearedin traditional ways.
Iwas steeredaway from dangerous sports.
Phrasal verbsActive voice: V n P prep/adv, V P n (not pron) prep/adv
 Verb groupnoun groupParticleprepositional phrase/adverb group
SubjectVerb...Object...VerbAdjunct
The school busdroppedmeoffthere.
Annettegotherselfuplike a shepherdess.
 Verb groupParticlenoun groupprepositional phrase/adverb group
SubjectVerbObjectAdjunct
Georgebroughtuphis familythere.
Theyhave hivedoffa lot of tradeto their own office.
Passive voice: be V-ed P prep/adv
 Verb groupParticleprepositional phrase/adverb group
SubjectVerbAdjunct
The resultsare being postedupon school noticeboards.
Their bodieswere washedupon the shore.
Verbs with this pattern belong to the following meaning groups:
The 'fasten' groupThe 'put' groupThe 'write' groupThe 'throw' groupThe 'move' groupThe 'broadcast' groupThe 'drive' groupThe 'kick' groupThe 'bend' groupThe 'batter' groupThe 'hold' groupThe 'lodge' groupThe 'meet' groupThe 'carry' groupThe 'sweep' groupThe 'invite' groupThe 'follow' groupThe 'divert' groupThe 'apportion' groupThe 'express' groupThe 'conduct' groupThe 'end' groupThe 'want' groupThe 'bring' groupThe 'handle' groupVerbs with other meaningsStructure informationOther related patterns

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