Most of the verbs with this pattern are used to indicate what someone thinks or believes about something that has already been mentioned. The pattern is used widely in conversation, where the Subject is often I or you.We include here the verb say, which is used to report what someone said. It is also used to express an opinion, as in I would say so. The phrase if I may say so is used to introduce or accompany an opinion, as in Utter nonsense, if I may say so.These verbs have the affirmative V so and the negative V not. In the case of the verbs think, believe, and imagine, the negative is also formed with do not or another auxiliary or modal, and so, as in I don't think so.
V so/notThe verb is followed by so or not.This pattern has one structure:
Verb with ObjectI don't think so.
|I||wouldn't have thought||so.|
Verbs with other meaningsStructure information
assume believe fear hope imagine presume say suspect think
In the case of the verbs assume, fear, hope, presume and suspect, the negative is always formed with not, as in I hope not. You do not say I don't hope so.
Is the decision undemocratic? We do not believe so.
'You don't really suspect I'd be involved in something like that, do you?' 'I certainly hope not, Tony.'
'What is he doing here on a weekday? Is something wrong?' 'From his expression I would say so.'
She admired him because he was clever and adroit, and because everyone whom she knew thought so too.