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Possessive adjectives (1) - Easy Learning Grammar Spanish

What is a possessive adjective?
In English a possessive adjective is one of the words my, your, his, her, its, our or their used with a noun to show that one person or thing belongs to another.
  • Like other adjectives in Spanish, possessive adjectives have to change for the feminine and plural forms.
SingularPluralMeaning
masculinefemininemasculinefeminine
mimimismismy
tututustusyour (belonging to someone you address as )
sususussushis; her; its; your (belonging to someone you address as usted)
nuestronuestranuestrosnuestrasour
vuestrovuestravuestrosvuestrasyour (belonging to people you address as vosotros/vosotras)
sususussustheir; your (belonging to people you address as ustedes)
  • For more information on Ways of saying ‘you’ in Spanish, see Pronouns.
¿Dónde está tu hermana?Where’s your sister?
José ha perdido su cartera.José has lost his wallet.
¿Dónde están nuestros pasaportes?Where are our passports?
¿Por qué no traéis a vuestros hijos?Why don’t you bring your children?
Mis tíos están vendiendo su casa.My uncle and aunt are selling their house.
TipPossessive adjectives agree with what they describe NOT with the person who owns that thing.
Pablo ha perdido su bolígrafo.Pablo has lost his pen.
Pablo ha perdido sus bolígrafos.Pablo has lost his pens.
  • Note that possessive adjectives aren’t normally used with parts of the body. You usually use the definite article instead.
Tiene los ojos verdes.He’s got green eyes.
No puedo mover las piernas.I can’t move my legs.
  • For more information on Articles, see Articles.
TipAs su and sus can mean his, her, its, your or their, it can sometimes be a bit confusing. When you need to avoid confusion, you can say the Spanish equivalent of of him and so on.
su casala casa de élhis house
(literally: the house of him)
sus amigoslos amigos de ustedyour friends
(literally: the friends of you)
sus cocheslos coches de ellostheir cars
(literally: the cars of them)
su abrigoel abrigo de ellaher coat
(literally: the coat of her)
  • For more information on Personal pronouns, see Pronouns.
Key points
  • The Spanish possessive adjectives are:
  • mi/tu/su/nuestro/vuestro/su with a masculine singular noun
  • mi/tu/su/nuestra/vuestra/su with a feminine singular noun
  • mis/tus/sus/nuestros/vuestros/sus with a masculine plural noun
  • mis/tus/sus/nuestras/vuestras/sus with a feminine plural noun
  • Possessive adjectives come before the noun they refer to. They agree with what they describe, rather than with the person who owns that thing.
  • Possessive adjectives are not usually used with parts of the body. Use el/la/los or las as appropriate instead.
  • To avoid confusion, it is sometimes clearer to use el coche de él/ella/ellas/ellos/usted and so on rather than su coche.

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