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Possessive pronouns - Easy Learning Grammar Spanish

What is a possessive pronoun?
A possessive pronoun is one of the words mine, yours, hers, his, ours or theirs, which are used instead of a noun to show that one person or thing belongs to another, for example, Ask Carole if this pen is hers.; Mine’s the blue one.
  • Here are the Spanish possessive pronouns:
Masculine singularFeminine singularMasculine pluralFeminine pluralMeaning
el míola míalos míoslas míasmine
el tuyola tuyalos tuyoslas tuyasyours (belonging to )
el suyola suyalos suyoslas suyashis; hers; its; yours (belonging to usted)
el nuestrola nuestralos nuestroslas nuestrasours
el vuestrola vuestralos vuestroslas vuestrasyours (belonging to vosotros/vosotras)
el suyola suyalos suyoslas suyastheirs; yours (belonging to ustedes)
  • For more information on Ways of saying ‘you’ in Spanish, see Pronouns.
Pregunta a Cristina si este bolígrafo es el suyo.Ask Cristina if this pen is hers.
¿Qué equipo ha ganado, el suyo o el nuestro?Which team won – theirs or ours?
Mi perro es más joven que el tuyo.My dog is younger than yours.
Daniel pensó que esos libros eran los suyos.Daniel thought those books were his.
Si no tienes lápices, te prestaré los míos.If you haven’t got any pencils, I’ll lend you mine.
Las habitaciones son más pequeñas que las vuestras.The rooms are smaller than yours.
TipIn Spanish, possessive pronouns agree with what they describe, NOT with the person who owns that thing. For example, el suyo can mean his, hers, yours or theirs, but can only be used to replace a masculine singular noun.
  • Note that the prepositions a and de combine with the article el to form al and del, for example, a + el mío becomes al mío, and de + el mío becomes del mío.
Prefiero tu coche al mío.I prefer your car to mine.
Su coche se parece al vuestro.His/Her/Their car looks like yours.
Mi piso está encima del tuyo.My flat is above yours.
Su colegio está cerca del nuestro.His/Her/Your/Their school is near ours.
  • Instead of el suyo/la suya/los suyos/las suyas, it is sometimes clearer to say el/la/los/las de usted, el/la/los/las de ustedes, el/la/los/las de ellos and so on. You choose between el/la/los/las to agree with the noun referred to.
mi libro y el de ustedmy book and yours
  • el/la/los/las de can also be used with a name or other noun referring to somebody.
Juan tiene un coche bonito pero yo prefiero el de Ana.Juan’s got a nice car, but I prefer Ana’s.
Ellos tienen una casa bonita pero yo prefiero la del médico.They’ve got a nice house but I prefer the doctor’s.
Key points
  • The Spanish possessive pronouns are el mío, el tuyo, el suyo, el nuestro, el vuestro and el suyo when they stand in for a masculine noun. If they stand in for a feminine or a plural noun, their forms change accordingly.
  • In Spanish, the pronoun you choose has to agree with the noun it replaces, and not with the person who owns that thing.
  • el/la/los/las de are used with a noun or pronoun to mean the one(s) belonging to ...

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