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Adverbial clauses - Easy Learning Grammar

Adverbial clauses generally follow the main clause unless otherwise stated. The following are the main types of adverbial clause:Time: sets the timing for the main clause.
  • We should go as soon as you are ready.
  • I’ll call for you whenever you like.
  • Since she went away, I haven’t been able to sleep.
  • The moment he said it, I started to feel better.
  • may come before or after the main clause.
  • introduced by after, as, as soon as, before, once, since, till, the moment (that), until, whenever, when, while.
Place: sets where the action of the main clause takes place.
  • I put it where nobody would find it.
  • He made an impact everywhere that he went.
  • Wherever you looked, he was to be found.
  • introduced by where, wherever, or everywhere.
Manner: sets out how the main clause was carried out.
  • introduced by as, as if, as though, how, just as, or the way that.
  • Mandy looked as if she had seen a ghost.
  • Cameron wandered in, the way that he does.
  • You have to fasten it as though it was a shoelace.
  • The room was decorated just as he had imagined.
Reason: sets out the thinking behind the action of the main clause.
  • I don’t want to go because I’m not keen on old movies.
  • Since no one was ready, I sat down and turned on the TV.
  • may come before or after the main clause.
  • introduced by as, because, or since.
Purpose: sets out what it was hoped would be achieved by carrying out the action of the main clause.
  • Put it just there so that it holds the door open.
  • Leave a bit for Becky in case she’s hungry when she gets in.
  • introduced by so that, in order that, in case, or lest.
  • Purpose can also be indicated by so as to, in order to followed by the base form of a verb.
  • I’m living with my mum and dad so as to save money.
  • He put the chair against the door in order to hold it open.
Result: sets out what happened when the main clause was carried out.
  • Ben was so angry that he kicked the wall hard.
  • Nina is such a generous person that she’s often short of money.
  • introduced by so + adjective/adverb + that or by such a + noun phrase + that.
Contrast: suggests that something else may need to be taken into account regarding the main clause.
  • However much you may want to spend your money, try to save a little each month.
  • Although it had rained, the ground was still very dry.
  • We must try to do something for the environment, even if we can’t solve all the world’s problems.
  • may come before or after the main clause.

  • introduced by although, even though, even if, however, much as, or while.

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