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Demonstratives - Easy Learning Grammar

Demonstratives are used to specify the distance of something in space or time in relation to the speaker.The demonstratives are: this, that, these, those.This and these refer to objects near the speaker.
  • This apple looks ripe.
  • These apples come from Australia.
The reference may be nearness in time, especially future time.
  • I’ll call round this afternoon.
  • The festival ends this Thursday.
  • This summer is the warmest I can remember.
That and those refer to objects that are further away from the speaker.
  • I think that boy over there is lost.
  • Can you see those people up on the hill?
This and that are used before singular countable nouns and uncountable nouns.
  • I can touch this picture, but I can’t reach that one.
  • This book is mine, but that magazine isn’t.
These and those are used before plural countable nouns.
  • I’m peeling these potatoes for a shepherd’s pie.
  • Those men are mending the roof.

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