Easy Learning

The forms of main verbs - Easy Learning Grammar

English verbs have up to five different forms. These are:
1the base form, e.g.pull
2the 3rd person singular, present simple tense, e.g.pulls
3the past simple tense, e.g.pulled
4the past participle, e.g.pulled
5the present participle, e.g.pulling
  • Regular verbs are all formed in the same way, by building on the base form (form 1). This is the form you normally find in a dictionary. Most verbs are regular.
  • Irregular verbs have different forms, particularly forms 3 and 4. See Irregular verbs.
Form 1:The present simple tense has all but one of its forms the same as the base form.
Form 2:When the present simple tense has a 3rd person singular subject, the verb is formed from the base form + -s.
Form 3:The past simple is formed from the base form + -ed.
Form 4:The past participle is formed from the base form + -ed.
Form 5:The present participle is formed from the base form + -ing.
A special variation of the base form is the to infinitive. There are a number of uses of a verb where both the words to + the base form must be present.
The base form is sometimes called the ‘bare infinitive’.
As mentioned above, the 3rd person singular is formed from the base form + -s. Below are the exceptions to the rule:Verbs ending in -o, -ch, -sh, -ss, -x, -z or -zz: add -es to make the 3rd person singular, e.g.
torpedohe torpedoes
catchhe catches
tosshe tosses
pushhe pushes
misshe misses
boxhe boxes
buzzit buzzes
Verbs ending in -y after a consonant: change y to i and add -es, e.g.
carryhe carries
flyhe flies
worryhe worries
As mentioned above, the present participle is made up of the base form + -ing. There are some exceptions to the rule. All verbs that contain a short final vowel in front of a final consonant double the consonant before -ing, e.g.

See related content

NEW from Collins!
NEW from Collins!
English Word Lists
English Word Lists
Latest Word Submissions
Latest Word Submissions
Easy Learning English Grammar
Easy Learning English Grammar
COBUILD Grammar Patterns
COBUILD Grammar Patterns
Word Lover's Blog
Word Lover's Blog
Online Scrabble Checker
Online Scrabble Checker
The Paul Noble Method
The Paul Noble Method
Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content
Register now or login in to access