Grammar Patterns

ADJ on n

ADJ on n

The adjective is followed by a prepositional phrase which consists of on and a noun group. With some adjectives, the preposition on is sometimes followed by an '-ing' clause or a wh-clause. These patterns are ADJ on -ing and ADJ on wh.Some adjectives are sometimes followed by upon instead of on. Upon is a more formal or literary word.
 Adjectiveon/uponnoun group/-ing/wh clause
The sale wasconditionalupongovernment approval.
Mobility isn'tdependentonbeing able to drive.
Tea-tree oil isgentleonthe skin.
They were bothkeenonthe idea of education.
He wasundecidedonwhether to run for another term.
Adjectives with this pattern belong to the following meaning groups:
The 'keen' groupThe 'fair' and 'rough' groupThe 'emphatic' groupThe 'vague' groupThe 'weak' and 'strong' groupThe 'optimistic' groupThe 'short' and 'heavy' groupThe 'agreed' groupThe 'conditional' groupThe 'dependent' groupThe 'high' groupThe 'payable' groupAdjectives with other meaningsOther related patterns

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