Grammar Patterns

Chapter 10 Patterns with there

Chapter 10 Patterns with thereThere are two verb patterns that begin with the word there. Like introductory it, there does not carry any meaning. English prefers to have old , or shared, information at the beginning of a clause and new information at the end of a clause. If a clause does not contain any shared information, having there at the beginning allows all the new information to be placed at the end. For example, the clause There were some fingerprints on the door handle has two pieces of new information: some fingerprints and on the door handle. You could say Some fingerprints were on the door handle, but this would suggest that some fingerprints has already been mentioned and is shared information rather than new information. In the clause beginning with there, none of the new information comes at the beginning of the clause.There are two common ways of forming a negative in patterns with there. The verb may be made negative, for example with not, or the noun group may be made negative, for example with no. You can say There wasn't any evidence or There was no evidence.The two patterns beginning with there are:
    Pattern I: there V n
    There was no hope.
    Pattern II: there V n prep/adv
    There are dangers here.
The verb be is by far the most frequent of the verbs which have these patterns.
Pattern I: there V nPattern II: there V n prep/adv

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