Grammar Patterns

Chapter 12 Combinations of Patterns

Chapter 12 Combinations of PatternsMany verbs have more than one pattern. For example, boast has the patterns V about n and V that; you can boast about something you have done, or boast that you have done something. Verbs that have the same basic meaning may also share a combination of patterns. For example, argue and complain, like boast, have the patterns V about n and V that.In this chapter, we give the most important combinations of patterns. The patterns in each pattern combination are ordered alphabetically, so, for example, we give the combination V in n; V on n, not the combination V on n; V in n. Under each pattern combination, we give examples showing both patterns, and a list of the verbs which have that combination of patterns. The examples indicate whether the two patterns perform a similar function, as in argue about something and argue over something, or whether they perform different functions, as in campaign against something and campaign for something. We sometimes give two examples of one pattern, to show its two possible meanings with a particular verb. The verbs in one combination of patterns may all have the same basic meaning, or they may have different meanings: for example, some of the verbs with the combination V at n; V n at n are concerned with shouting, and some with pointing.The pattern combinations themselves are also presented in alphabetical order. For example, V in n; V n in n comes before V in n; V on n. If you know which combination of patterns you want to look at, you can find it in its alphabetical place. If, on the other hand, you are interested in, for example, any combination of patterns with V that, look up V that in its normal alphabetical place: you will find some combinations there, and cross-references to the other combinations.Although most of the combinations we give involve two patterns, the combinations of three and four patterns are particularly interesting. In this chapter you will find the following combinations of three patterns:
    V about n; V at n; V with quote
    V about n; V on n; V over n
    V about n; V over n; V that
    V about n; V that; V with quote
    V about n; V wh; V wh-to-inf
    V against n; V for n; V in favour of n
    V at n; V that; V with quote
    V for n; V that; V to-inf
    V n about n; V n wh; V n wh-to-inf
    V n adj; V n as adj; V n as n
    V n adj; V n as n; V n n
    V n as adj; V n as n; V n n
    V n into -ing; V n into n; V n to-inf
    V n to-inf; V n with quote; V with quote
    V n to-inf; V that; V with quote
    V n with quote; V that; V with quote
    V on n; V that; V with quote
    V that; V to-inf; V with quote
    V that; V to n; V with quote
    V that; V wh; V with quote
    V that; V with n; V with quote
There is one combination of four patterns:V n adj; V n as adj; V n as n; V n nThe patterns V and V n are particularly frequent, and very many verbs that have other patterns also have the pattern V or V n. For example, boast, argue, and complain have the pattern V as well as V about n and V that. We do not show combinations with V or V n, except for the combination V; V n itself.
V; V nV about n; V at nV about n; V at n; V with quoteV about n; V n about nV about n; V on nV about n; V on n; V over nV about n; V over nV about n; V over n; V thatV about n; V thatV about n; V that; V with quoteV about n; V wh; V wh-to-infV about n; V with quoteV against n; V for nV against n; V for n; V in favour of nV against n; V in favour of nV against n; V n against nV against n; V thatV against n; V to-infV against n; V with quoteV as n; V for nV as n; V n as nV at n; V n at nV at n; V over nV at n; V thatV at n; V that; V with quoteV at n; V to nV at n; V with nV at n; V with quoteV between pl-n; V from n or V from n to nV by -ing; V n by -ingV for n; V n for nV for n; V thatV for n; V that; V to-infV for n; V to-infV for n; V with quoteV from n or V from n into n; V into nV from n; V n from nV from n or V from n to n; V to nV -ing; V n -ingV -ing; V thatV -ing; V to-infV -ing; V with nV in n; V n in nV in n; V on nV into n; V n into nV into n; V out of nV into n; V to nV n about n; V n on nV n about n; V n thatV n about n; V n wh; V n wh-to-infV n about n; V with quoteV n adj; V n as adjV n adj; V n as adj; V n as nV n adj; V n as adj; V n as n; V n nV n adj; V n as n; V n nV n adj; V n nV n as adj; V n as nV n as adj; V n as n; V n nV n as n; V n for nV n as n; V n -ingV n as n; V n nV n at nV n for n; V n nV n for n; V n to-infV n from n or V n from n into n; V n into nV n from n; V n out of nV n from n or V n from n to n; V n to nV n inf; V n -ingV n -ingV n in n; V n into nV n in n; V n on nV n into -ing; V n into nV n into -ing; V n into n; V n to-infV n into -ing; V n to-infV n into n; V n out of nV n into n; V n to-infV n into n; V n to nV n n; V n to nV n on n; V on nV n out of nV n that; V n to-infV n that; V n whV n that; V n with quoteV n that; V thatV n to-inf; V n with quoteV n to-inf; V n with quote; V with quoteV n to-inf; V thatV n to-inf; V that; V with quoteV n to-inf; V to-infV n to-inf; V with quoteV n to n; V n with nV n to n; V n with togetherV n to n; V to nV n to n; V thatV n to n; V with quoteV n wh; V n wh-to-infV n wh; V n with quoteV n wh-to-infV n with n; V with nV n with quote; V that; V with quoteV n with quote; V with quoteV on n; V over nV on n; V thatV on n; V that; V with quoteV on n; V to-infV on n; V with quoteV out of nV over n; V with quoteV that; V to-infV that; V to-inf; V with quoteV that; V to nV that; V to n; V with quoteV that; V whV that; V wh; V with quoteV that; V with n; V with quoteV that; V with quoteV to-inf; V with quoteV to n; V with nV to n; V with quoteV wh; V wh-to-infV wh; V with quoteV wh-to-infV with n; V with quoteV with quote

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