Grammar Patterns

(ii) 'Doer' is inanimate, 'causer' is inanimate

(ii) 'Doer' is inanimate, 'causer' is inanimate

Where the 'doer' is inanimate, or is animate but the action is not under their control, and the 'causer' is animate, the exact roles of the 'doer' and 'causer' vary according to the verb.The 'causer' may hold ultimate responsibility for the action, even though he or she does not intend to cause the action.
The vase broke when it fell on the floor.
He broke the vase when he dropped it on the floor.
The car crashed.
He crashed his car.
The 'causer' may provide the conditions in which a natural process takes place.
Raspberries freeze well.
She froze some raspberries.
The 'causer' may not cause the action at all, but may be affected by the action, for example by suffering an injury.
His leg fractured.
He fractured his leg.
The 'doer' may not do anything, but may be affected by the action.
The bucket filled in two minutes.
He filled the bucket in two minutes.

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