Grammar Patterns

it v-link det N to-inf

The 'shock' group

These nouns are used to indicate that someone finds an action or experience unpleasant in some way.
It must have been a shock to learn the truth.
  • disappointment
  • nightmare
  • shock
  • wrench
  • Shock and wrench are sometimes followed by a prepositional phrase beginning with for. This pattern is it v-link det N for n to-inf.
    I can understand that it would be a wrench for them to move away.
    Shock is sometimes followed by a prepositional phrase beginning with to. This pattern is it v-link det N to n to-inf.
    It was a shock to me to realise that I was never going to be a rock star.

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