Grammar Patterns

Pattern combination 8: V prep/adv; V n

Pattern combination 8: V prep/adv; V n

In the pattern V prep/adv, the verb is followed by a prepositional phrase or adverb group. In the pattern V n, the verb is followed by a noun group. This combination is asymmetrical because in the structure without an Object the verb does not occur alone.This combination of patterns has three combinations of structures:
    Structure combination (i): Verb with prepositional Complement; Verb with Object
    The glass splintered into pieces.The blow splintered the glass.
    Structure combination (ii): Verb with prepositional Object; Verb with Object
    His heart hardened against her.The years hardened my heart.
    Structure combination (iii): Verb with Adjunct; Verb with Object
    Water gushed out of the hole.The hole gushed water.
For structure tables, see Pattern combinations 1 and 2 above.Verbs with this combination of patterns belong to the following meaning groups:
The 'smash' groupThe 'obsess' groupThe 'benefit' groupThe 'topple' groupThe 'belch' groupThe 'diffuse' groupThe 'originate' and 'conclude' groupVerbs with other meanings

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